Society for the Promotion of Culture and Art

SPOCA Bangladesh

For the friends of BRAC-University Dhaka

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Self-contained note on three book projects

At the end of the year 2017 there are 3 publications about living concepts:


From a series of articles for a technical magazine between 2008 and 2012, the German translation is now available with original graphics and illustrations, in which the topic of Housing is discussed from different points of view (economy, technology, science, philosophy, etc.).


A conversation between Prof Dr Mackemsen and Prof Dr Pintsch resulted in a comparison of two research and teaching methods: the traditional one with quotations and references and the unconventional one, almost without references, which deliberately leaves the reader to look for the source and thus stimulates him to another form of activity.


From mosaic-like aspects to the system view between holistic, open and closed system, with the emphasis on the closed system.

In sketchy contributions, the complete range is discussed: the physical, earth-related to the far-off independent system and the psychic phenomenon of being self-contained for example in special diseases (amyottrophic lateral sclerosis).

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posted by S A J Shirazi @ 11:16 AM, ,

Buddha Tempel in BanglaDesh - A sample of Preservation of Cultural Heritage

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posted by S A J Shirazi @ 10:23 AM, ,

Bangladesh Project

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posted by S A J Shirazi @ 1:08 PM, ,

Projects: Experiences, Results and Opportunities

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Three different project are described below with experiences, opportunities and local limitations pointed out.


Computer Aided Hospital Management System/Rural Oriented Hospital Management System The whole pallet, from service up to operation has to be organized, which creates costs, -very characteristic of institutions in urban areas. This is quite opposite to institutions far away from the cities. The lack of finances, regarding staff as well as in the planning and use of the operating costs, needs to be appropriately taken into consideration. A rural oriented hospital management system (ROHMS) must take these factors into account. The difference between CAHMS and ROHMS is in location. In urban areas, a hospital functions only when the industrial-technological pre-conditions are met; i.e. personnel, training, patient care, air-conditioning, etc., must be adjusted. A problem in other cultures, for example, is the patient care by relatives, which often leads to difficulties in the recovery process and brings new health risks with it. In a ROHMS, specific characteristics of rural life are taken into account. The energy production is different, the employees are not confused through industrial training, the water supply, incl. Drainage is completely different as compared to urban areas. The traditional knowledge is used, natural climate control is utilized, local materials and traditional, yet adapted, forms of construction are used. The staff follows local forms of remuneration based on the traditional culture. Although this described system is already being practiced in an environmentally friendly manner etc., the influence of the resource-devouring, environmentally damaging industrial system is so widespread, that reasonable alternatives are unlikely to prevail.

Impact of CNC on the HC

In several essays, the problem of handmade objects has been outlined, which in an ever growing uniform environment have only little chance of promoting their original purpose, namely income enhancement for people (mainly women in rural areas) and to generate some revenue for the community. Problem points in this regard include the non-reversible push of people from rural into urban areas and the resulting requirement of regular income, which adds them to the existing consumer base. That the reality is quite opposite with declining numbers of productively active people and at the same time increasing production, is actually not recognized in the consumer world, so that nevertheless productively active artisans are supposed to adjust themselves of CNC and 3D production. This is not a world first. A look at the tourism centers shows clearly how strong the uniformity is already enforced, for example through travelers, who buy souvenirs in the assumption, that they are buying unique items. The buyer subtly enjoys using his buying habits from everyday life including bargaining and haggling, special bargains are attractive, little aware that they are actually contributing to the destruction of the handicraft itself. Ultimately, also the discussion about Original versus Copy comes up. Why buy an original in a world where true copies are easily available? - this is the underlying question. Color, sound, text, - everything is flexible and available; waiting for further application. But change has taken place not only in this field of art, but long ago also in the areas of fashion, leisure, food, education and health.

IISS / Integrated infrastructure system in a rural area

NeemTree / MoringaTree / Jetrupa Cures -Ph tester-Water Pump

Thanks to the digital communication and information age, people even in remote rural areas obtain news about the lives of people in the so-called industrialized countries, - with all its possibilities and apparent abundance. One is inclined to share and participate in it, preferably immediately than later.

The problems behind the sham abundance are not perceived, not even by the producers, who are in fact proud of their performance: Water for all, Housing for all, etc., etc.. One cannot expect of the migrants to understand the economic ups and downs of the economic factors, - that's even true of the highly developed countries. It is like speaking of water and drinking wine. The correlations between production and commerce, consumption and uniformity are at best entertaining, - serving only as theory and as entertainment program for general distraction and targeted manipulation of the believing public and consumers. Background to this discussion is rural project, supposed to offer remedy through the targeted measure of providing flowing water to a basin for buffaloes and to bring the fresh water supply back on track. The process is to be accompanied by regular pH tests. The project is laudable, but lack of interest of the affected people is to be expected, who are possibly not interested in a controlled environmental pollution, or even its stoppage, and rather more interested in pursuing their internal family interests. There can also be no discussion of educational deficit or other cultures. This development is similar in the whole world: one is most interested in becoming a consumer, getting regular income, fixed breaks, - in short, the existing mistake further propagated by the media, which is erroneously perceived as progress.

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posted by S A J Shirazi @ 10:42 AM, ,

DGFK Mission in Dhaka

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At the invitation of SEMOL, Prof Dr Pintsch had a conversation with Prof Shaheda Rahman of the BRAC-University / Dhaka.

PDP held talks regarding support to local NGOs in rural areas, the involvement of students in such projects, as well as possible publication of relevant and interesting work in GreenMag from the areas of Appropriate Technology & Housing, and the use of C + I.
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posted by S A J Shirazi @ 1:03 PM, ,

Housing and Water, The RCSG-Project in BanglaDesh / Sunil Ganguly Centre for Catastrophe and Environment Protection

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By Prof Dr Norbert Pintsch

The term housing can be understood as a wider term for place of residence and includes for example construction techniques using local materials and traditional forms of construction up to Hi-Tech element utilizing alternative technologies, in which concepts of re-cycling (slums and autonomy (self-sufficiency) are implemented.

Extreme climatic and environmental conditions play an important role in housing solutions. The spectrum of construction activities considering these factors extend from steep coasts at and on seas up to those in stone ,ice and sand deserts. Climate independent projects can be implemented at all places, where changing climate plays an important role.

One should not be striving for an ideal type of housing rather considering adaptation of housing solutions to local conditions.

Areas endangered by floods, storms and earthquakes around the globe require special local based solutions.

Under the term “ Closed Systems” we understand projects with completely different environmental conditions, which are not subject to earthly climatic condition and influenced rather by metabolism and production of water and oxygen, for example in space stations.

Such space stations appear at first utopian, however such a model of closed system is interesting when considering global problems created by changing climate and environmental conditions.

An example for housing under extreme environmental and climatic conditions is the German Neumeier-Station the Antarctica. It serves the research, but at the same time points to special construction effort offering permanent experiences.

Natural catastrophes (earthquake in north India) and floods (Indus region) have led to the search for suitable solutions for the affected victims. There is no complete solution available as such but a number of possibilities.

Immediate help from foreign countries and local construction experts are needed and when these are not sufficiently available, integration of construction students into such activity is necessary.

The same is valid for regions with similar natural catastrophes (earthquake in South East India) and flooding affected areas (Ganges/Padma and Brahmaputra/Jamuna).

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posted by S A J Shirazi @ 5:10 PM, ,

About the end of handicrafts

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Prof Dr Norbert Pintsch / SPOCA, IPC

I may clarify right in the beginning: There will not be an end as long as the handicraft worker is an expert in his trade and maintains his cultural roots,- without losing the spirit of time.

At this point I may point to Art Nouveau and as one of its excellent example the Palais Stoclet in Brussels; it only proves: Excellence keeps standing!

For everything else is valid: When mass production predominates and the hope is to find consumers, who are less informed and more inclined to snap up anything offered at a super price, in the hope to be able to call something special as their own, then it is surely the rightful end of this article, which was anyway not real but a pseudo handicraft.

It is not a problem to scan and reproduce a unique article with help of CNC. This may sadden, but it is only a matter of getting used to it, like the 2-D copies.Even an experienced buyer cannot differentiate between the copy and the original piece. Only absolute experts with taste, knowledge and money know to appreciate it!

All others remain silent in the spirit of delusion!

The absolute majority vanishes, in the industrial uniformity and run for trade marks, wish for a seeming regular change through fashion and other such actions.

Insofar, this picture depicts not only the situation of handicrafts but also of everything which can be designed, including body products, clothing, internal and external designing up to the whole spectrum of industrially designed products.

Environmental protection and wastage of resources remain stuck at discussion level only.

Conclusion: There is no reason for sadness. In each period of time, only little remained back of cultural heritage; the meaningless taking the transitory path,- like the falling leaves in autumn, which vanish as dirt in the course of the year.

In the course of a human life, the direct relationship between the creator and the created is important and has its special value,- the economic relationship is an income generating measure and a charade. To see through it is left to the future generations!

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posted by S A J Shirazi @ 2:18 PM, ,

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